Category: raspian

Script DNS Blocker DNSMASQ

If you tested pihole, you perhaps look for a smaller Command Line version? Install dnsmasq by: sudo apt-get install dnsmasq Here DNS Rule Injector Script (copy & paste): blocker.sh # www.linuxonlinehelp.de 2019 # DNS Blocker for Small Linux with dnsmasq # #!/bin/bash # goto tmp (tmpfs) cd /tmp/ # get URL-Blocklists wget -O blocklist.txt https://v.firebog.net/hosts/Kowabit.txt # get Templates #SET Variables txt='blocklist.txt' IP='0.0.0.0' # set to 0.0.0.0 or to a Webserver with "white Page" showing Text "URL-blocked!! #merge URLs and redirect to wanted IP – Rule creation n=1; while read line; do echo 'address=/'$line'/$IP '>> 02-blocked1.conf ; n=$((n+1)); done < $txt […]

Split Files on embedded Linux Systems

If you run a embedded Linux PC like raspi often some Linux Commands fail without error messages, cause the hardware performance is low tech. Same i have seen on the split command.. to split a 50GB Photos-Archive File to 4Gb on a USB Drive i found out that: sudo split -b 4096m -d -u Photos.tgz Photos-Archive_ fix the job.. Cause option -u disable IO-Caching over the 2.0 USB Port to the RAM of the raspi that the Data of the Output Stream is written direct to the Drive.

Smartmontools unlisted Devices

If you use a Toshiba Canvio 3tb Drive at a raspi then smartmontools will not see the usb drive. Try: sudo smartctl -t long -d sat -s on /dev/sdb -t test long or short -d drive protocol sata = sat -s enforce smart which is off by the usb drive firmware wait XXX Minutes then: sudo smartctl -H -d sat -s on /dev/sdb get status..

Postfix: Automatic UFW Firewall Updates

If you use a Mail Server with Postfix you got daily Spam Attacks by Scripts: How to fix? Install ufw Firewall Run a Scanner Script as  cronjob On Debian/Ubuntu: Install ufw: sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install ufw && sudo ufw enable && sudo  ufw logging off Scan Script: sudo nano /home/user/firewall-update.sh: #!/bin/bash # scan rejected cat /var/log/mail.log | grep rejected | cut -d"[" -f3 | cut -d"]" -f1|grep -v '^$' > /tmp/firewall.txt # insert to Firewall while read line; do sudo ufw insert 1 deny from $line to any; done < /tmp/firewall.txt # scan "denied" cat /var/log/mail.log | […]

Raspberry Pi: Resize Shrink SDCard Image Clone Backup Noobs

If you own a raspberry pi, in some cases it is useful to shrink the sdcard, cause you need often not more than 8/16GB. What do you need and how to solve shinking or extending the OS: Hardware you need: 2 empty SDCards (Source + Dest.) 2 SDCard Adaptors Micro-SD to SD Fullsize 2 SD-USB Card Readers, i use them for stable work, cause USB SDCard Readers on Laptops often fails (Shared Sources) 1 Laptop with Ubuntu CD inside the CD-Rom or installed ubuntu with gparted Howto: Plug the Cards into the Adaptors and into the Readers, connect to the […]