Category: Linux Global

Freifunk: Openwrt Router Setup Mesh Wifi Meshing

Many of Users have asked me what are the Advantages of using Freifunk WIFI Routers at Home? One of  my answer’s is that the Freifunk OS Openwrt SUPPORT the “MESH” Technology! This is mostly offered by high end WIFI Accesspoint’s or Industrial Devices. Mesh is a Communication Protocol where minimum 2 Devices handle WIFI Access Connections to a WIFI Endpoint (Client, like a Tablet) There are 3 supported “Mesh” Types: Mesh connects between LAN Ports Mesh connects between WAN Ports Mesh connects between WIFI (default) Here you see a Mesh Map of a Mesh Network (Public Admin Webpage Meshviewer): Advantage […]

Linux: Bash Script Time Saver Session Timer

If you use daily the Internet you know how fast the Time passes. The Internet Research can grab a lot of time without that you feel it. Thats wasted time! For saving Time on Linux you display a Timer Message on the User Screen after some Time, which let you remark that XX Minutes are gone. The Linux Tool who can offer this is called “gxmessage” Howto: Install gxmessage if not installed with $sudo apt-get install gxmessage open the root Crontab with $crontab -e Enter this code (Username = User!): */10 * * * *    sudo -u username DISPLAY=:0.0 […]

Ubuntu: Release Change

If you use Ubuntu on your Systems, you perhaps read last weeks about a new Release Version. I am often asked, must i upgrade now? My answere at first is not really, cause the new Versions are not cleaned up by all bugs and the User or Admin must recheck against the new advantages of the new Releases for production usage. I prefer to wait 3 Month after a Release by Ubuntu is published. But if you setup a very new Hardware your are often forced to take the LAST Release Version, cause it supports newest Hardware Chips by the […]

Raspberry Pi: Resize Shrink SDCard Image Clone Backup Noobs

If you own a raspberry pi, in some cases it is useful to shrink the sdcard, cause you need often not more than 8/16GB. What do you need and how to solve shinking or extending the OS: Hardware you need: 2 empty SDCards (Source + Dest.) 2 SDCard Adaptors Micro-SD to SD Fullsize 2 SD-USB Card Readers, i use them for stable work, cause USB SDCard Readers on Laptops often fails (Shared Sources) 1 Laptop with Ubuntu CD inside the CD-Rom or installed ubuntu with gparted Howto: Plug the Cards into the Adaptors and into the Readers, connect to the […]

Rasperry Pi: SD Card Partitions Layout Noobs Backup Restore

If you use a raspberry pi for projects which is shipped with a 8GB SDCard it is very useful to know basics about the root, file and recovery system on the preinstalled card. Major Basics about the Partitioning you find here To save time the raspberry pi offers possibility to run a Full Backup if the pi is ONLINE! Cause the OS is running from RAM like Live Mode! For Backup you need a USB to SDCard Reader with Adaptor Micro SD to SD, and a second SDCard i use 16GB Class 10 Plugin the new SDCard into the Adaptor and into […]

Amazon: Cloud Drive Sharing with NFS on Local Network as Photo Uploader Backup

Current the acd_cli tool for amazon drive mount offers no “fsid” (device /dev) point, that you cant export and share the amazon drive at your home local network. On the latest raspberry pi OS (jessie) you can use a small workaround to get a NFS Shared Amazon Cloud Backup Uploader (needs python3.4 !) install acd_cli tools, create the auth file (read) and  run $ sudo acd_cli mount /amazoncloud now create a second Folder /sendtoamazon install nfs-kernel-Server and share this Folder with NFS exports to your LAN on the raspberrypi you can use a cron “move” Job running every 10 Minutes: #crontab -e */10 * […]

Openmips: Upgrade Gigablue Firmware Failure Boot Freeze Enigma

If you own a Gigablue TV Box ( Gigablue UE 800 2 Tuner DVB-S + DVB-C for example) a reboot on Firmware 4.2 can lookup the box to factory reset. This did my box too. I decided to upgrade the Firmware from openmips 4.2 to current 5.4. But you ran into some bugs, like freezes on Firmware flashes! Hang on Reboot, or boot after Flash into old Firmware. I found some Workarounds to fix (I have a gigabue with 2 Tuners inside and a HDD) To upgrade you need 3 USB Sticks 4GB FAT32 formated Go to the official Downloadpage and download […]

Raspberry Pi: Raspian disadvantages of embedded OS

The last 12 month have been a “golden” time of the upcomming embedded linux devices, but the custom OS’s offers some problems, you should know for projects: embedded PC’s like the ARM based pi2 / pi3 uses a own compiled OS not every known debian package is available not all compile scripts to rebuild are available on git slow performance can let you run into unuseable problems (heat, load, I/O), correct written scripts run into freezes without any error made by you! you should take time for a closer look at buying them calc the costs of non-x86 systems, later […]

Security: Harden DSL Routers and Networks against attacks

Last days there was a high count of news about the Bot Attacks against T-Com Telekom Router devices. To understand the behavior about this up comming security problems you should know following points : Every network supported device can be a goal for a attack ( Routers, Modems, PC, Fridges,IP-TV, IP Switches, IP-Cams…) You have to update the OS for each device monthly, if not supported by the manufacter, then dont buy! Try to get Opensource Hardware with Opensource Software for full access (ssh / console) to have full control Reduce the count of devices who are connected direct to […]

WordPress: RSS Widget Bug builtin Widget (class-wp-widget-rss.php)

Details: If you enable the basic builtin RSS Widget Module and set the RSS Feed URL like http://www.domainname.com/feed/ the widget set the URL only on the little “RSS Icon” but NOT on the RSS Hyperlink ! The Hyperlink is pulling the Value of $url (www.domainname.com) but not adding “/feed/” subdir value. Solution: go ../wp-includes/widgets/ edit with $nano class-wp-widget-rss.php go line 81 show title “rsswidget”  href ” ‘  .  esc_url ( $link ) .  #change here $link to $url exit and save.. check results..