Category: FreeBSD Unix

Convert WordPress Blog into Static Websites

For some reasons you want to convert your WordPress with Linux Tools into a Static Website: low level Hosting no SQL + PHP for higher Security Then open a Terminal and enter into a Text Editor: nano #!/bin/bash wget \ –recursive \ –no-clobber \ –page-requisites \ –html-extension \ –convert-links \ –restrict-file-names=windows $url-of-site exit 0 Advantage? wget runs on most WP-Themes low Load on the convert Process Script can be used to run by Cron automaticly every Night !

Website Speed Test with Linux

If you own a Blog and want to check the Speed with your local Linux Computer use a commandline tool called curl. Open a Terminal and enter:   curl -o /dev/null -s -w 'Connect: %{time_connect}\nStart Transfer: %{time_starttransfer}\nTotal: %{time_total}\n' System Echos: Connect: 0,084774 Start Transfer: 0,173280 Total: 0,228651 Advantage? You will see the Website Load Time of Users at your Location (Country Area) You can check “high performance Clouds” vs. “bare metal Servers” or “virtual Hosting” You see that mostly expensive Hosting is wasted money cause “shared” IO V-Host is SLOWER! You get the real “felt” IO for Users who […]

Locale Umloud Problems Cron

If you run scripts to handle text output by cronjobs your perhaps get problems with umlouds “ÖÄÜ” cause they are displayed by “**”. This is a problem cause cron uses “C” setting as locale, you can test it by setting it into root crontab: open crontab from root with: $su – root $crontab – insert * * * * * locale This will mail cron’s locale echo to the mailbox of root! Read root’s mail! After tests remove the locale entry at crontab! Howto fix for Scripts: open crontab from root with: $su – root $crontab -e insert (for German): […]

Rsync: Performance NFS Boost

If you use two Linux Servers with NFS Shares connect over Gigabit Interfaces for Backups, you perhaps remark performance problems on using rsync. It does often pause transmissions or reach only a rate of 32Mb/s. That’s bad and waste time and energy. Background: After some Tests of running Backups with single files and compressed big archives, the scans of my tools like iftop, systat, iptraf found out that the used Option “rsync -avz” was the bottle neck, cause the Data Rate break down at intervals. The “z” compress option was described on howtos as must have for slower networks did […]

FreeBSD: Monitor svn Updates

If you use the  svn subversion tool to update source tree or ports tree, you want to have a possibility to look back what was pulled, pushed and droped you can use a Log File to monitor the update scripts. This helps if you temporarily log out the Terminal Sessions for a Coffee break. Howto: Login to FreeBSD via SSH Use a tmux program like screen or tmux, if not installed, then install it. This allows ongoing operations on disconnects Run on the Terminal $tmux Run $sudo svn update /usr/src > /home/updates/svn.log #exit STRG+B then press "d" detach The svn […]

FreeBSD: Current Version port upgrade fails with “portsnap extract” bug

If you use the current “head” Version (Release 12) of FreeBSD with a svn updated /usr/src path you could run into errors after updating the OS via buildworld from sources. There’s a bug ahead Revision “r314099” at the “portsnap” lib that will stop on extracting the ports.tgz to /usr/ports! Solution: Pull again sources to /usr/src with $svn update /usr/src $make buildworld $make buildkernel $make installkernel $reboot $mergemaster -p $make installworld $mergemaster -FiU $reboot $portsnap fetch update #again.. to update ports tree $portupgrade -a $reboot This should work now, the failed portsnap extract function was a known bug. If you dont […]

Security: Webserver HTTPS with Self Signed Certificate Do it yourself in 5 Minutes!!

Today the Point of Security and encrypted Webserver Communication is rolling over every User who hosts own Websites on the Internet. Last decades HTTPS was only used by Online Login Pages like Shops and Banks to verify the Communication between a User PC and the Website. But after January 2015 the most Search Engines like google decides to force index of Websites with HTTPS Protocol. The Background is that a TLS encrypted Connection isn’t easy to track and to force “drive-by-load-Viruses” to the Website Visitors. But a lot of Webmasters of the Opensource Community were angry about this handling. Thats […]

Raspberry Pi: Howto build a Local Network Monitor for Intrusion Logging Watchdog

Today the count of network devices at home networks grows up weekly, cause more and more home devices like freezers, coffee engines, dishwasher and more got builtin wifi interfaces. To have a Control Unit you can use a raspberry pi2 as cheap Network Monitor Logger. The Raspian by default offers builtin free tools, like arp, arp-scan, nmap, ping to easy monitor a network. If you have learned some commands and the bash scripting you can fast create a Network Logger, perhaps with analyse tools to mail alerts if new “MAC” NIC Adresses are seen. Every network device uses a owned […]

Owncloud: Howto harden owncloud access with a ssh tunnel and squid

If you want to use a private secure owncloud (WebDAV Space Server) as Backup for all your devices you can harden the access thru a openssh Login with key auth and a squid as relay. Install apache2, php5, mysql-Server, openssh, squid3 config Apache2 to listen on https://localhost:443 setup squid3  and config the Proxy to listen only on localhost:3128 install owncloud to /var/WWW with forced “https” settings at the config.php create ssh-keys to auth with password protected key to the SSH Server If done, you can access the private Backup-Server via a Terminal/ Putty with the Tunneling Options $ssh -L 3128:localhost:3128 username@owncloudserver.home Open your Browser on your […]

Oneye: Cloud Office Solution

If you are looking for a Cloud based Office Solution you should take a closer look on the Open Source Software “oneye” (commercial version of eyeos) All you need is a cloud served or home hosted LAP Webserver (Linux/Unix, Apache, PHP5 Server) NO Database required! Source: Advantages? + Weboffice with Word, Excel, Mail Client POP+IMAP, Spreadsheet + Internal Message System for User Chat INTERNAL ONLY + FTP UP/DOWNLOAD, PHP UP/DOWNLOAD + Desktop on Server Hardware possible with Raid, and full Backups! (possible nightly cron job folder to tar) + Reachable Office over Internet without any Apps installed! Every Browser Supported! […]