Kategorie: FreeBSD Unix

Locale Umloud Problems Cron

If you run scripts to handle text output by cronjobs your perhaps get problems with umlouds „ÖÄÜ“ cause they are displayed by „**“. This is a problem cause cron uses „C“ setting as locale, you can test it by setting it into root crontab: open crontab from root with: $su – root $crontab – insert * * * * * locale This will mail cron’s locale echo to the mailbox of root! Read root’s mail! After tests remove the locale entry at crontab! Howto fix for Scripts: open crontab from root with: $su – root $crontab -e insert (for German): […]

Rsync: Performance NFS Boost

If you use two Linux Servers with NFS Shares connect over Gigabit Interfaces for Backups, you perhaps remark performance problems on using rsync. It does often pause transmissions or reach only a rate of 32Mb/s. That’s bad and waste time and energy. Background: After some Tests of running Backups with single files and compressed big archives, the scans of my tools like iftop, systat, iptraf found out that the used Option „rsync -avz“ was the bottle neck, cause the Data Rate break down at intervals. The „z“ compress option was described on howtos as must have for slower networks did […]

FreeBSD: Monitor svn Updates

If you use the  svn subversion tool to update source tree or ports tree, you want to have a possibility to look back what was pulled, pushed and droped you can use a Log File to monitor the update scripts. This helps if you temporarily log out the Terminal Sessions for a Coffee break. Howto: Login to FreeBSD via SSH Use a tmux program like screen or tmux, if not installed, then install it. This allows ongoing operations on disconnects Run on the Terminal $tmux Run $sudo svn update /usr/src > /home/updates/svn.log #exit STRG+B then press "d" detach The svn […]

FreeBSD: Current Version port upgrade fails with „portsnap extract“ bug

If you use the current „head“ Version (Release 12) of FreeBSD with a svn updated /usr/src path you could run into errors after updating the OS via buildworld from sources. There’s a bug ahead Revision „r314099“ at the „portsnap“ lib that will stop on extracting the ports.tgz to /usr/ports! Solution: Pull again sources to /usr/src with $svn update /usr/src $make buildworld $make buildkernel $make installkernel $reboot $mergemaster -p $make installworld $mergemaster -FiU $reboot $portsnap fetch update #again.. to update ports tree $portupgrade -a $reboot This should work now, the failed portsnap extract function was a known bug. If you dont […]

Security: Webserver HTTPS with Self Signed Certificate Do it yourself in 5 Minutes!!

Today the Point of Security and encrypted Webserver Communication is rolling over every User who hosts own Websites on the Internet. Last decades HTTPS was only used by Online Login Pages like Shops and Banks to verify the Communication between a User PC and the Website. But after January 2015 the most Search Engines like google decides to force index of Websites with HTTPS Protocol. The Background is that a TLS encrypted Connection isn’t easy to track and to force „drive-by-load-Viruses“ to the Website Visitors. But a lot of Webmasters of the Opensource Community were angry about this handling. Thats […]

Raspberry Pi: Howto build a Local Network Monitor for Intrusion Logging Watchdog

Today the count of network devices at home networks grows up weekly, cause more and more home devices like freezers, coffee engines, dishwasher and more got builtin wifi interfaces. To have a Control Unit you can use a raspberry pi2 as cheap Network Monitor Logger. The Raspian by default offers builtin free tools, like arp, arp-scan, nmap, ping to easy monitor a network. If you have learned some commands and the bash scripting you can fast create a Network Logger, perhaps with analyse tools to mail alerts if new „MAC“ NIC Adresses are seen. Every network device uses a owned […]