Category: Debian

Debian: without sytemd

If you run Debian Servers, you read last weeks about security problems of systemd service manager. On several tests i have seen much systems having problems on service starts on boot like on debian, raspian .. This is a result of not clean redesigned scripts of the services by the Maintainers like the Proxy Server “privoxy” Package… For Tests i decided to try the new Debian Fork Replacement DEVUAN  for Desktop and a standard Debian Server Setup without systemd! Howto purge Systemd on a Debian System read this external Wiki: http://without-systemd.org/wiki/index.php/How_to_remove_systemd_from_a_Debian_jessie/sid_installation or try Devuan for Server and Desktop: https://devuan.org/ Remark: […]

Linux: Systemd ignore console-setup settings

If you work on older Laptops and you use a Console only System Setup like on Debian there is a Bug on systemd and the console-setup package since years. After reboot all Font Settings seems gone. But the Settings are not real gone, cause systemd does not pull the settings on boot! How to fix? edit the crontab of root by sudo su – crontab -e insert the /bin/setupcon command on “@reboot” means on every boot! @reboot     /bin/setupcon > /dev/null 2>&1 save and exit, reboot now now the PC should echo big Fonts for old eyes “Terminus 20×12 Frambuffermode”  

Nvidia: Legacy Driver Debian 9.0 Stretch Kernel 4.9 Bug Interface

Current is a UNFIXED Bug on Debian 9.0 Stretch which makes impossible to easy install DKMS Nvidia-Legacy Drivers 304/340 for older Geforce Cards https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=852152 To run nouveau on upgrade 8.0 to 9.0 go to /etc/modprobe.d and remove MANUAL all blacklist configs (*.conf) of nvidia cause some glued on upgrade and are not purged automatic by the upgrade. Cause they will block nouveau load at boot (xserver-xorg-video-nouveau) Then run on Terminal: $sudo update-initramfs -u -k all $sudo update-grub $sudo reboot Remarks: Older Hardware isn’t supported by Legacy Drivers after Nvidia-375!! If you not forced to upgrade to 9.0, then WAIT! up […]

Security: Disable USB Drive mount for Users

If you share your Systems and you want to disable USB Drive connects there is a small solution. By default the gvfs Service handle all automounts and drive scans. On old Linux Systems you could purge the complete gvfsd “Backend” but Ubuntu-Desktop forces some pakets to the default Desktop Package! If you purge it the working Desktop can be destroyed! It’s easier to disable the “USB Drivers” called Modules from load on Start! Cause Rules are “Software” and can FAIL unknown!! Howto? Edit the /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf and add: blacklist usb_storage blacklist uas Update initramfs (Kernel Image) update-initramfs -u -k all reboot […]

Security: Isolated Browser eMail Programs

If you want to be more secure, on Linux you can isolate used programs on different Users! All you need is installed by default! Howto: Add a new User for eMail and Browser to the System with: $sudo adduser mailuser $sudo adduser webuser now install if not installed by default “gksu” User Switch $sudo apt-get install gksu copy now the default App Links to webuser’s Home Desktop, for mailuser enter mailuser’s name $cp /usr/share/applications/firefox-esr.desktop /home/webuser/Desktop/firefox-esr.desktop edit the firefox-esr.desktop by right click on nautilus or a editor and change command line: old: /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr %u to: gksu -u webuser -w "/usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr %u" […]