If you boot your PC on a Setup CD into “live” mode after some time the Desktop Unity or Gnome starts. After successful testing the PC with the current Drivers and Kernel you can select “Install” by pressing the icon left on the desktop. But here the Problem appear that you dont see any informations about bugs, crashes, or other major messages during the setup. Without this you are not able to find any errors later, or you cant tell a supporter what happend!
- Always open a gnome-terminal as first step instead of pressing the installer icon!
- move the gnome-terminal window on lower screen area to 100% width!!!
- Enter there:
$sudo tail -f /var/log/syslog # some Linux uses /var/log/messages!
- Now press Installer icon! and view Log in realtime
Hope this help to fix bugs like freezes of often seen SSD Errors I/O…
If you want to update the SSD Firmware of a device you should know some things:
- Do you REALLY need the update? Bugs? If NOT exit here!
- Firmwareupdates can destroy DATA on Drives!
- Data cant be restored if the Controller fails after Update
- Downgrade a Firmware to older is most IMPOSSIBLE!!
.. now you need a USB Stick 4GB and the ISO File of the Firmware Disk of the Manufacter then open the Gnome Terminal or Console and:
$sudo su - #become root
$apt-get update && apt-get install unetbootin gparted # install the tools
$dd if=/dev/null of=/dev/sdc bs=10240 count=1 # delete usbstick unmounted with zeros (factory reset)
$gparted /dev/sdc #create new Primary Partition with FAT32, set "managed flags" to "boot lba", now exit gparted
$mount /dev/sdc1 /mnt #mount usbstick to /mnt
$unetbootin #select FreeDOS at Menu, and select /dev/sdc1 and create the FreeDOS Stick, then exit unetbootin WITHOUT reboot!
$mkdir /iso && mount -o loop /home/yourusername/firmware-cd.iso /iso # mount the CDImage to /iso readonly
$cd /iso && cp firmware.img /mnt/firmware.img # copy firmware-data to usbstick
- NOW, reboot and unplug other HDDs of the PC, ONLY the SSD must be insert!
- Boot the PC on the usbstick, on the unetbootin Menu PRESS “Tab” to get the “Unetbootin-Console”!
- Here change the value of “initrd=/ubinit” to “initrd=firmware.img” and PRESS ENTER
- Follow now the Firmware Update Dialog and Reboot with disconnected usbstick and replugged Drives…
If you use a Samsung (possible others brands same howto) SSD and you want to secure erase the SSD for reuse or resale (better destroy it!!!) do:
- Insert your Debian/Ubuntu Setup CD/Stick
- Boot into Live/Setup Mode
- open Gnome Terminal or Console and enter $sudo su – #to be root
- then enter..
$ apt-get update && apt-get install hdparm # get the tool
$ sudo fdisk -l # show drives
$ sudo hdparm -I /dev/sda #show drive Infos and lock for "frozen" state!!! shoud be not frozen/locked
$ sudo hdparm --security-set-pass NULL /dev/sdb # set the "NULL" password to UNLOCK the Controller
$ sudo hdparm --security-erase NULL /dev/sda # run secure erase!